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I'm a textile fanatic.  If it has to do with fiber, it's for me.  I love my almost fourteen year old son, cats and sheep.  I love historical costuming and most days you'll find me researching or reproducing clothing from any one of many time periods that have caught my fancy.

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Pinballs and Pincushions at the Winterthur


Challenge #4 for the Historical Sew Fortnightly is done and I was looking through the entries and checking out the members websites and adding some of their favorite sites to my blog list, when I discovered Katie Jacobs' wonderful blog.  In her tutorials section, she has posted about working the queen stitch and some lovely photos from the Winterthur collections.  This got me started on pinballs and pincushions again.  Most of these are functional, but the cushions that are decorated with pins are more in the way of being commemorative.  They were often given as gifts to expectant or new mothers.  Not giving the baby's name is an indication of how uncertain life, especially for babies and mothers, could be at that time.  All of the following items are in the collections (on-line) of the Winterthur Museum in Winterthur, DE, USA.  My apologies for the inconsistent grouping of the objects, I'm still trying to get the hang of posting.  So, now for your further amusement and mine, here are some more ways to store your pins (and some other uses for the queen stitch), along with some other sewing tools (I'll do another post with knitting tools and personal items, at the Winterthur, at a later time):


Tool (for sewing) (Sewing case)

Museum Object Number

1986.0128 A

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing case)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Please Contact Winterthur Registrar's Office for Credit Line

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1850-1890

Subjects

Shaker

Materials

Leather; Silk; Wool

Dimensions (inches)

9.5 (L) , 4.62 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

24.13 (L) , 11.75 (W)


Tool (for sewing) (Pinking die)

Museum Object Number

1981.0097

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Pinking die)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Russell Ward Nadeau, in memory of D. J. and Alice Shumway Nadeau

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Origin Notes

Origin probably England.

Date

1750-1800

Materials

Iron

Dimensions (inches)

3.25 (H) , 0.62 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

8.26 (H) , 1.59 (W)

Tool (for sewing) (Curved Needle)

Museum Object Number

1981.0225

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Curved Needle)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Russell Ward Nadeau, in memory of D. J. and Alice Shumway Nadeau

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1890-1910

Materials

Iron

Dimensions (inches)

4.87 (L) , 0.12 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

12.38 (L) , 0.32 (Diam)

Tool (for sewing) (Needle)

Museum Object Number

1981.0226

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Needle)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Russell Ward Nadeau, in memory of D. J. and Alice Shumway Nadeau

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1850-1900

Materials

Iron

Dimensions (inches)

5.12 (L) , 0.06 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

13.02 (L) , 0.16 (Diam)





Tool (for sewing) (Thimble holder)

Museum Object Number

1990.0054 A- C

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Thimble holder)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Please Contact Winterthur Registrar's Office for Credit Line

Place of Origin

Bilston, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1760-1780

Materials

Enamel on copper; Brass; Paint

Techniques

Painted

Dimensions (inches)

1.969 (H) , 1.417 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5 (H) , 3.6 (Diam)


Tool (for sewing) (Miniature thimble)

Museum Object Number

2003.0013.142

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Miniature thimble)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Mrs. Helen Shumway Mayer

Creator (Role)

Derby Porcelain Works (Possible maker)

Place of Origin

Derbyshire, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1795-1805

Materials

Porcelain (bone china); Lead glaze

Techniques

Molded, Painted, Gilded

Dimensions (inches)

0.858 (H) , 0.76 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

2.18 (H) , 1.93 (Diam)



  • Thimble


Museum Object Number

1979.0020

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Thimble)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Museum purchase in memory of Mrs. Wanda Guthrie

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1700-1750

Dimensions (inches)

0.81 (H) , 0.65 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

2.06 (H) , 1.67 (Diam)



Tool (for sewing) (Pin paper)

Museum Object Number

1962.0102

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Pin paper)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Rockwell Gardiner

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1730-1770

Materials

Paper; Iron

Dimensions (inches)

2.25 (H) , 5.75 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.72 (H) , 14.61 (W)

Pincushion (Needle case)

Museum Object Number

1957.0083.005

Name

Pincushion (Needle case)

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Museum purchase

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1775-1800

Materials

Silk; Canvas

Dimensions (inches)

1.12 (H) , 2.75 (W) , 2.25 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

2.86 (H) , 6.99 (W) , 5.72 (D)
  • This appears to have been worked on a very open canvas or lacis/net base, which is most likely made with linen thread, the woven blocks being worked in silk.  The bag portion is most likely a linen or silk twill weave fabric and could have held small sewing tools and thread (housewife/husif)

Pincushion

  • Museum Object Number
1958.2235

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

Bath, England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1749

Materials

Silk

Dimensions (inches)

1.62 (H) , 2 (W) , 1.75 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

4.13 (H) , 5.08 (W) , 4.45 (D)
Pinball/pincushion, cube shaped, knit in fine gauge, two shades (medium golden-brown and pale ecru) of silk, eight-pointed star with dicing forming the triangles at 3, 6, 9, and 12 o'clock, diamond at center with "BaTH (above), E (left), D (right), and 1749 (below) the diamond, corners are rounded by decreases, and the two halves joined, most likely stuffed with sawdust, join is covered by a peach silk/satin ribbon, tacked in place with long ends stitched together where they meet at the top
It appears that the portion covered by the ribbon may have been formed by picking up stitches along the outer edges of the front and knit toward the back, to be joined with the back.  The join in the knitting may have been accomplished by a three needle cast off ( a common way of joining the under-heel stitches of stockings in the period), weaving together (known today as the kitchener stitch, or simply whip-stitched together.  The back doesn't show in the image posted on Winterthur's site, so it is not clear whether the back is an exact match, similar but lacking the inscription, or a different design within the eight-pointed star.  It is clear in the image shown that the eight-pointed star and dicing are repeated on the back.



Pincushion

  • Museum Object Number
1958.1581

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Materials

Wool; Cotton

Dimensions (inches)

2.25 (H) , 6 (W) , 6.75 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.72 (H) , 15.24 (W) , 17.15 (D)
Pincushion, needlepoint in wool on coarse, evenweave cotton (more likely linen), unusual shape, geometric design on front of cushion, some areas without stitching; floral design on back, small worn or torn area reveals cloth underneath, suggesting that the needlepoint layer is a cover to a separate bag of stuffing (this inner layer appears to be cotton, possibly stuffed with sawdust), initials "S I" and date "1776" on front
For some unknown reason, the museum record lists this pincushion as "undated," but the year 1776 is clearly visible. 

Pincushion

  • Museum Object Number
1952.0087

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1777

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. ; On front of cushion; "GOD BLES THE BABE/ 1777"

Materials

Silk; Linen; Metal

Dimensions (inches)

5.7 (L) , 4.7 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

14.5 (L) , 11.9 (W)
Pincushion, rectangular, linen bag with silk fringe and tassels on all four corners, design formed by insertion of three sizes of tinned brass pins, oval frame of center medallion is formed by medium and large pins pushed in at an angle, leaving a portion of the body of the pin exposed, corners are filled by loosely placed, angled pins of small and medium sizes, inserted so very little of the pin body shows, center medallion of a doubled-lined heart, with initials "A M M" and date "1777" inside the heart, and the inscription "GOD BLES THE BABE" along the lower sides of the heart are formed with small pins pushed in straight.  Silk fringe is twisted cord, tassels are heavily frayed.
Reverse side is not shown, but based on other pincushions of the period, whose designs are formed by pins, it's safe to assume that it is unadorned.  These pin cushions were not used for storing pins for sewing, but were solely decorative.

Pincushion

Museum Object Number


1958.2498

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1750-1800

Materials

Wool

Dimensions (inches)

3.12 (H) , 7.75 (L) , 7.12 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

7.94 (H) , 19.69 (L) , 18.1 (D)
Pincushion, nearly square; front: bargello/flame stitch needlepoint worked in wool on coarse evenweave or canvas (most likely linen); back: appears to be solid colored wool

Pincushion/disc

  • Museum Object Number
1959.0570

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1800-1825

Materials

Silk; Paper; Stuffing

Dimensions (inches)

2.12 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.4 (Diam)
Pincushion/disc, printed silk 
Typical construction of this style of pincushion, in the period suggests that the silk is backed with paper with layers of paper between the front and back discs.  All the layers are joined by glueing the centers only and then attaching a silk satin-weave or velvet ribbon around the circumference of the disc, usually with very fine stitches.  The pins are then inserted through the ribbon and slip between the layers of paper inside.


Pincushion (Pinball)

Museum Object Number


1965.2076

Name

Pincushion (Pinball)

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1775-1850

Materials

Silk

Dimensions (inches)

2 (H) , 2.5 (L) , 2.1 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.2 (H) , 6.3 (L) , 5.4 (W)
Pinball, silk embroidery on silk, joined around the circumference with a striped, satin-weave ribbon, ribbon ends left long to attach to clothing


  • Pincushion


Museum Object Number

1965.2078

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United Kingdom, Europe

Secondary Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1750-1800

Materials

Silk; Canvas

Dimensions (inches)

1.6 (H) , 6.1 (L) , 4 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

4.1 (H) , 15.4 (L) , 11 (W)
Pincushion, rectangular; front: needlepoint in silk on canvas (most likely linen), black threads have worn or rotted away (likely due to the iron used in black dye, highly corrosive), design of diamonds formed by small squares that stair-step on the diagonal, spaces are filled with fleur-de-lis, stylized flowers and strawberries; back: pale blue, silk, floral damask, heavy wear at corners, some staining; two corners show traces of some silk threads that seem to indicate that there were once pale blue, silk tassels at the corners

  • Sewing Case

Museum Object Number

1956.0510 A- I

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing case)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

Europe

Date

1820-1850

Materials

Leather; Wood; Glass; Iron; Mother of pearl; Ormolu

Dimensions (inches)

3.5 (H) , 5 (W) , 1 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

8.89 (H) , 12.7 (W) , 2.54 (D)

  • Tool (for sewing) (Sewing Kit)

Museum Object Number

1958.0506 A- E

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing kit)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1810-1840

Materials

Silverplate on copper (fused plate); Cloth; Silver; Steel

Techniques

Die-rolled, Spun

Dimensions (inches)

4.75 (H) , 2.75 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

12.07 (H) , 6.99 (W)





Tool (for sewing) (Needle Packet)

  • Museum Object Number
1961.1026 C C

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Needle Packet)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Please Contact Winterthur Registrar's Office for Credit Line

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1800-1825

Materials

Wood; Silver; Silk; Velvet

Techniques

Sewn

Dimensions (inches)

2.244 (L) , 1.299 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.7 (L) , 3.3 (W)
This needle packet is one of the items in the sewing box shaped like a pianoforte.





  • Sewing Box


Museum Object Number

1959.0728 H

Name

Tray

Category

Wood (other)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1810-1840

Materials

Wood; Velvet; Cord; Paper; Glass

Dimensions (inches)

Dimensions (centimeters)

The object in front of the box is a tambour hook.  These hooks were used for a type of embroidery that forms a chain stitch very quickly and was in use by the late 18th C.  The fabric is held taut in a hoop (tambour means drum) or frame that is suspended on a stand.  The thread is held under the fabric and is drawn through the fabric by the hook.  The chain is formed as the hook is advanced along the pattern lines, with each successive loop is drawn through the previous one.  Tambour embroidery was very popular on the Indian cotton muslims of the period and was worked in cotton, and silk thread on silk net, it is also found on silk cloth, worked in silk, and wool worked on wool fabric. see: https://www.google.com/search?q=tambour+embroidery&hl=en&rlz=1C1ASAD_enUS515US515&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=cOouUaL1Lu3O0QHktIH4BA&ved=0CEQQsAQ&biw=1280&bih=666 for lovely images and links




  • Pincushion

Museum Object Number

1959.0732

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

New York, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

Origin Notes

Text on the front of the cushion notes "N. York", presumably the pin cushion could have been made in New York or given to a resident of New York. Without a solid provenance this is conjecture.

Date

1794

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Inscription; Front of cushion; "WELCOM LITTLE/ Stranger" and "N. York/ RV/ HV/ 1794"

Materials

Silk; Metal; Steel

Dimensions (inches)

5 (L) , 4 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

13 (L) , 10 (W)


  • Complete Details


Museum Object Number

1960.0311

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Museum purchase

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Origin Notes

It is not fully known if it was made in North America or not, it is assumed based on its place of acquisition.

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. ; front of cushion; "Welcome/ Little/ Stranger/ M/ CM/AB/ 1770"

Materials

Silk; Thread

Dimensions (inches)

2.25 (H) , 5.75 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.715 (H) , 14.605 (W)


    Pincushion on Stand

Museum Object Number

1969.0967

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Please Contact Winterthur Registrar's Office for Credit Line

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1770-1820

Materials

Iron; Silk

Dimensions (inches)

3.25 (H) , 1.43 (W) , 1.43 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

8.26 (H) , 3.65 (W) , 3.65 (D)


    Pincushion

Museum Object Number

1967.1287

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

England, United Kingdom, Europe

Date

1790-1840

Materials

Cloth; Paper; Shell

Dimensions (inches)

1.37 (H) , 3 (L) , 2.75 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

3.49 (H) , 7.62 (L) , 6.99 (D)


  • Crewel Work Including Pincushion

Museum Object Number

2011.0047.001

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Crewel, worked by Mary Taylor Landon and Anne Landon Allen

Dimensions (inches)

Dimensions (centimeters)

I'm looking forward to see if they can determine a date for these pieces.  The mitt looks to me like it could be late 19th or 20th C, but the other two pieces look like they could be 18th C., although they could all be vintage or modern interpretations of period styles.



Tool (for sewing) (Sewing clamp and pincushion) with thread spools and holder

Museum Object Number

2001.0033.233

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing clamp and pincushion)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Jefferson and Anne Miller Collection

Place of Origin

Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Mid-Atlantic, United States, North America

Origin Notes

Recoverd in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

Date

1856

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Inscription; On thumb screw ; "1856" in positive pierced numbers.
2. Inscription; On terminal on one of the arms at the top; "KW" in positive pierced letters.

Materials

Iron; Silk

Techniques

Wrought

Dimensions (inches)

9.449 (H) , 7.48 (W) , 5.315 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

24 (H) , 19 (W) , 13.5 (D)

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing bird)(base for pincushion)

Museum Object Number

1987.0099

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing bird)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Please Contact Winterthur Registrar's Office for Credit Line

Place of Origin

France, Europe

Date

1730-1750

Materials

Iron; Brass

Dimensions (inches)

8.37 (H) , 4.12 (W) , 5.5 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

21.27 (H) , 10.48 (W) , 13.97 (D)





Tool (for sewing) (Sewing clamp and pincushion)

  • Museum Object Number
2001.0033.223

Name

Tool (for sewing) (Sewing clamp and pincushion)

Category

Tools

Credit Line/Donor

Jefferson and Anne Miller Collection

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1823

Mark or Signature or Inscription or Label

1. Inscription; Side of thumb screw; "E+K" in circular punched letters.
2. Inscription; Side of thumb screw; "1823" in circular punched letters.

Materials

Iron

Techniques

Wrought

Dimensions (inches)

4.8 (H) , 3.622 (W) , 1.97 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

12.3 (H) , 9.2 (W) , 5 (D)







  • Combination Pincushion/Sewing Bird/Sewing Clamp/Sewing Boxes


Museum Object Number

1958.2590 A- C

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

Asia

Date

1800-1820

Materials

Iron; Cloth; Brass

Dimensions (inches)

5.25 (H) , 3.37 (W) , 2.75 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

13.34 (H) , 8.57 (W) , 6.99 (D)

  • Combination Pincushion/Sewing Clamp


Museum Object Number

1958.2976

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1800-1825

Materials

Silk; Maple; Cloth

Dimensions (inches)

6.5 (H) , 3.25 (L)

Dimensions (centimeters)

16.51 (H) , 8.26 (L)



Garters

Museum Object Number

1965.2082.002

Name

Garter

Category

Textiles (Clothing)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

Virginia, United States, North America

Date

1753-1753

Materials

Wool; Linen; Silk

Dimensions (inches)

9.87 (L) , 1 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

25.08 (L) , 2.54 (W)

Two identical garters worked in silk on evenweave linen, using queen stitch, lined with red wool, linen tapes


Pincushion (Pinball)

Museum Object Number

1969.0675

Name

Pincushion (Pinball)

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Origin Notes

As per previous cataloguer: Probable origin is United States.

Date

1790-1820

Materials

Silk; Silver

Dimensions (inches)

1.75 (H) , 2.25 (W)

Dimensions (centimeters)

4.45 (H) , 5.72 (W)

No fancy needlework here, but a lovely textured silk, center join is covered by a silver band with grooves and scalloped edges




Pincushion (Pinball)

  • Museum Object Number
1965.2075

Name

Pincushion (Pinball)

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Bequest of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1750-1800

Materials

Silk; Canvas

Dimensions (inches)

2.12 (H) , 2.5 (Diam)

Dimensions (centimeters)

5.4 (H) , 6.3 (Diam)
Pinball, one side: textured silk with silk floral embroidery using satin, stem and long-and-short stitches; reverse side: coarse linen evenweave (canvas) with geometric design worked in silk, using queen stitch; front and back joined and covered with silk ribbon, stitched in place using herringbone stitch in silk thread




Pincushion

Museum Object Number

1952.0281

Name

Pincushion

Category

Textiles (Needlework)

Credit Line/Donor

Gift of Henry Francis du Pont

Place of Origin

United States, North America

Date

1775-1800

Materials

Wool; Silverplate on copper (fused plate); Cotton

Dimensions (inches)

2.5 (H) , 1.75 (D)

Dimensions (centimeters)

6.35 (H) , 4.45 (D)

Pinball, knit in a floral/geometric design with a pair of birds facing center, using what looks to be the wool, stuffed with a wrapped ball of cotton yarn (it could be that the yarns are reversed, but wool would shape better than the cotton), I am guessing that the design is identical on both sides, since there is only one view posted and you can see the two concentric lines that form rough scallops around the outer edge of the design on the back; outer shell is worked in two shades, a deep brown (possibly dyed with walnut) and a natural off-white,  the halves are joined over the wrapped ball and the join covered by scalloped band: decorated with geometric etching/stamping and punched holes, a heavy gauge wire ring soldered around center, with a round ring (same gauge wire) soldered on perpendicular to the center ring, metal is copper  with fused silver-plate, the band is set on with the hanging ring positioned at the four o'clock position of the knit design (Whether this was intentional, a mistake or due to slippage of the ring over time, I can't begin to guess.  Other pinballs that I've seen have their hanging rings or ribbon loops positioned at 12 o'clock.)